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Renal Veins & Arteries
Anal Sphincter
Ureters, Bladder, Urethra
Kidney Failure
Treatment - Dialysis
Diagrams 2




        A nephrologist is a doctor who specializes in kidney diseases, kidney transplantation and dialysis therapies.


Nephrologists make the diagnosis of whether a person has a kidney disease, and what kind of disease.   They will suggest a cure, if there is one, or they will suggest treatments to slow down the disease, such as blood pressure medication, or diabetes medicine. You need to take math, english, physics, chemistry and biology to get into a course on medicine which is a prerequisite for nephrology. After graduating from medical school, you must complete three years of training in general internal medicine and two more years of kidney specialion. They take all the education of a general practitioner, and study for another 5 years. 

A nephrologist plays a big part in dialysis treatment, though they will need a team of other specialized doctor. The nephrologist will be the leader of the group.   They usually work a 45 hour week, average, but they may be on call depending on the demand of nephrologists in the area. Since becoming a nephrologist takes a lot of effort and education, and there work is very complicated, the salary averages about 160 thousand dollars a year in Canada.  The salary ranges from 100 thousand to low 200 thousand dollars a year.

How The Wastes Come Out