By definition kidney failure is:
The loss of the kidneys' ability to excrete wastes, concentrate urine,
and conserve electrolytes.
This disease can happen many different ways but, the two most common
causes are diabetes and high blood pressure.
Diabetes causes the disease called Diabetic Nephropathy. This is a disease
where the glucose doesn’t break down in your blood. The glucose that wasn’t used or filtered in your blood
acts as a poison for the nephrons in your kidneys. The only way to prolong your kidney’s is to keep your blood
glucose levels down.
Another illness that can cause kidney failure is High Blood Pressure
which is exactly as it sounds. This high pressure can damage the small blood vessels in your kidneys which causes the
vessels not to filter. The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute recommends that every one with diabetes and
reduced kidney function should keep their blood pressure below 130 over 80 mm Hg. Medications can help you control
Another disease that causes kidney failure is called Glomerular
Diseases. This includes autoimmune diseases, infection-related diseases and sclerotic diseases. As the name suggests,
glomerular diseases attack the tiny blood vessels (glomeruli) within the kidney. The most common primary glomerular
diseases include membranous nephropathy, IgA Nephropathy, and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. Evidence of protein
and/or blood in the urine are usually the first signs of these diseases. They can slowly destroy kidney function.
Treatments include immunosuppressive drugs or steroids to
reduce inflammation and proteinuria, depending on the specific disease. Inherited and Congenital Kidney Diseases are
also a very common disease and are rarely found in children until they are much older. This is why it is very
important for parents to have their children tested when they are young.
Finally the last cause of kidney disease is poisons and trauma.
A direct and forceful blow to the kidney or kidneys can lead to kidney disease due to the medication given for the injury.
For example Aspirin, Acetaminophen, Ibuprofen and other painkillers can lead to the poisoning of the kidney’s if taken
regularly. The three stages of Kidney disease are Acute Renal Failure, Chronic Kidney Disease, and End-Stage Renal Disease.
Acute Renal Failure (or AFR) is the sudden drops in kidney function caused
by injuries, drugs or poisoning. AFR can lead to permanent loss of kidney function if it is serious enough.
Chronic Kidney Disease is the most common in people and it is referred
to as the “silent" kidney disease because it happens over a long period of time and people with this stage have and
increased risk of dying from a stroke or heart attack. End-Stage Renal Disease is the total and permanent lose of kidney
function. People at this stage must undergo dialysis or transplantation to stay alive.